Garment typology and relation between the main and size measurements
The type of garment indicate the main measurement on which bases the garment’s pattern.
In men’s garments, the denominations of the sizes correspond to a measurement of the garment.
However the sizes do not correspond to any specific measurement in kis’s and women’s garments.
The measurement that is established as a size will be the size measurement.
Size measurements are always contours.
There are two kinds of contours: contours that measure the trunk and those that measure other parts.
The contours of the trunk are divided by two because the patterns cover only half the body.
The main trunk contours are:
- Breast: the half breast contour is a base measurement and can be a size measurement.
- Bottom: the half bottom contour is a base measurement but it is not a size measurement.
- Waist: the half waist contour is a size measurement but it is not a base measurement.
The rest of contours we consider the complete measurement.
One of them is the neck contour.
- The neck contour is a size measurement but it is not a base measurement.
Garment typology: Upper, lower mixed garments and complements
The upper garment is the one that covers the body from the seventh cervical vertebra towards the waist.
Its total length varies from the armpit level to the floor.
It hangs to the shoulders.
Its main measurement is the breast and its size measurement for men is the breast or the neck measurement.
An example of an upper garment with the breast size measurement is the jacket and with the neck size measurement is the shirt.
The lower garment is the one that covers the body from the waist to the floor.
It is fastened at the waist.
Its length varies from waist level to the ground.
Its main measurement is the bottom and its size measurement for men is the waist.
Skirt and pants are examples of inferior garments.
The mixed garment covers part of the torso and can be extended further, below the waist. It is fastened at the waist.
Its main measurement is the waist measurement.
An example for mix garment is the corset
The complement is the garment whose main measurement differs from the waist and bottom measurement.
An example of complement is the gaiter.